Colorectal cancer: from screening to therapy prevention is fundamental


Colorectal cancer: from screening to medical aid ", was the theme of the three-company congress AIGO, SIED, SIGE, that was controlled last Sabbatum at the edifice Perla within the Port of Catanzaro recreational facility. The work of the congress started with the institutional greetings of Presidents AIGO, SIED, and SIGE. After, a lecture was given by Pietro Leo on “The explanation of body part cancer: the role of the microbiota” Francesco.

The I Session involved “Prevention and screening”, moderators: Pino Naim Mauro Maglia Enrico Ciliberto; at 09.30 “Screening of the JRC: quality and limits: the Calabrian reality” Clelia Cicerone; at ten.00 "The current reality and also the shadow of Covid on screening" Ludovico Abenavoli; at ten.30 am "Quality colonoscopy: from consent to preparation" Ileana Luppino; at eleven.00 "Screening endoscopy: increased colonoscopy and new technological approaches" Carmelo Stillitano; at eleven.30 Discussion Discussions: Andrea Boccuto, Mario Erboso, Emanuele Sireno, Rosa Locane and Chiara Frandina.

The II Session centered on "Colorectal Cancer: the role of scrutiny. The diagnosis". Moderators: Patrizia Doldo, Pietro Paese and Angelo Lauria. At 12.15 “Oncological police work of the colon in IBDs” Maria Grazia Imeneo; at twelve.45 "Polypoid and non-polypoid lesions of the colon classification and police work strategies" Vincenzo Cosco, at 13.15 "Cancer of the rectum: the role of endoscopy" Raffaella Marasco, at 13.45 Discussion Discussants: Chiara Iannelli, Alessandro Corea, Rosanna American state Marco, Agostino Ventra and Ladislava Sebkova.

The III Session "Colorectal Cancer: the role of scrutiny. The treatment". Moderators: Filippo Bova, Aldo Schicchi, and Angelo Belmonte; at fifteen.30 “Operative colonoscopy: EMR and ESD” Carmelo Luigiano; at sixteen.00 “The management of complications: hindrance and treatment” Aldo Schicchi; at sixteen.30 “Palliative scrutiny treatment of body part neoplasms” Riccardo Calabria: at seventeen.00 Discussion Discussants: Rocco Spagnuolo, Lucrezia Pulitanò, Mariafrancesca Loria and Domenico Piccione.

Presidents of the Congress: Dr. Mario Verta President of SIED Calabria; faculty member. Ludovico Abenavoli President of SIGE Calabria; Dr. Stefano Rodinò President of AIGO Italian region.

Colorectal cancer is the third most typical cancer in men and second in girls, with more or less forty-nine,000 new cases diagnosed in Italy in 2019. though mortality has been born since the Nineties, it remains the second in any case. the explanation for cancer death in each.

This tumor arises within the bowel (the colon and rectum), ranging from the uncontrolled proliferation of tissue layer cells (the inner lining of the viscus wall).

In most cases, it develops from adenomatous polyps, benign cell proliferations visible by endoscopy, which might evolve into a malignant sense in 10-15 years. In fact, for an extended time it remains well, but, due to screening programs, associate degree early diagnosing is feasible so it will be prevented and treated.

The main risk factors of this pathology are:

age: concerning ninetieth of patients area unit over fifty years recent.

family history: the chance is magnified if body part cancer or adenomatous polyps are diagnosed in relatives (particularly folks and siblings).

personal medical history: the chance will increase if the topic includes a chronic inflammatory internal organ unwellness (ulcerative redness or Crohn's disease), or if he has already removed cancer or polyp in the past.

overweight and low physical activity.

diet: high intake of meat, sausages, flours, and refined sugars and fats, particularly if of animal origin. A diet made of fruits and vegetables, unrefined carbohydrates and calciferol helps cut back the chance of developing body part cancer.

smoking and alcohol.

Prevention and screening

The main hindrance is predicated on the correction of eliminable risk factors (diet, lack of physical activity, smoking, alcohol).

Since this growth remains well for an extended time, the hindrance of greatest impact is that that passes through the removal of malignant tumor lesions (adenomatous polyps) that typically take years to develop in a very malignant sense. With the identification and removal of adenomas before transform into cancer and the diagnosis of early-stage carcinomas, a major reduction in mortality will be achieved. during this manner, it's potential to scale back the incidence and, due to the detection of carcinomas in early stages, improve the possibilities of complete recovery once adequate medical aid is provided.

The screening takes place in varied ways. In Italy, their area unit regional population screening programs supported the look for occult blood within the stool every two years ranging from the age of fifty. If the take look is positive, it becomes obligatory to endure an endoscopy that confirms it.


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